Engineering geology

3D reflection seismic imaging at the 2.5 km deep COSC-1 scientific borehole, central Scandinavian Caledonides

Introduction The Scandinavian Caledonides represent one of the best preserved inactive orogens in the world in which to study thrust tectonics (Asklund, 1960, Gee, 1978, Hossack and Cooper, 1986, Törnebohm, … Read More

Ground-penetrating radar studies of permafrost, periglacial, and near-surface geology at McMurdo Station, Antarctica

Introduction McMurdo Station, located on Hut Point Peninsula of Ross Island, was first used as a shoreline base in 1902 to explore inland Antarctica (Fig. 1). The United States more … Read More

Underground ground control monitoring and interpretation, and numerical modeling, and shield capacity design

Introduction–non-uniform in situ stresses and high horizontal stresses in mine environments Coal mining is a type of manufacturing enterprise. But unlike manufacturing where it builds a covered structure and begins … Read More

Geophysical investigation of a freshwater lens on the island of Langeoog, Germany – Insights from combined HEM, TEM and MRS data

Introduction The W-E trending barrier island of Langeoog is located at the German North Sea coast, along the northern rim of the intertidal Wadden Sea (Fig. 1a). The water supply … Read More

Large borehole with multi-lateral branches: A novel solution for exploitation of clayey silt hydrate

Introduction Natural gas hydrate, as a kind of novel, efficient and environment-friendly substitute energy, is widely distributed in continental permafrost zones and seafloors along continental margins (Kvenvolden KA, 1995; Boswell … Read More

Geoelectrical monitoring of simulated subsurface leakage to support high-hazard nuclear decommissioning at the Sellafield Site, UK

Introduction Whilst modern geophysical methodology is increasingly applied at nuclear legacy sites worldwide, the full potential of near-surface geophysics has yet to be fully recognized by the nuclear industry and … Read More