Borehole monitoring of thermo-hydro-mechanical rock slope processes adjacent to an actively retreating glacier

Introduction Retreating glaciers induce progressive damage in rock slopes, leading to long-term strength degradation, and ultimately rock slope failure (Augustinus, 1995; Ballantyne, 2002; McColl, 2012). Several hydro- and thermo-mechanical mechanisms … Read More

3D representation of geological observations in underground mine workings of the Upper Silesian Coal Basin

Introduction Mapping underground mine workings means following their definition and presenting rock complexity revealed by the mine workings in a graphical form. Methods of mapping individual mine workings differ, because … Read More

3D Geological Modeling and Its Application under Complex Geological Conditions

Introduction The 3D visualization can give people an intuitive feel. The virtual reality technology can create a virtual environment. The common influence of visual sense, auditory sense and tactile sense … Read More